What are the basic features of bureaucracy Class 11?

The basic features of bureaucracy are: (i) Functioning of Officials – It means that the officials have fixed areas of jurisdiction and are governed by rules and laws. The responsibilities of the officials are defined by the authority available to them and they have to function under the command of higher authorities.

What are the 5 elements of the federal bureaucracy?

There are five types of organizations in the federal bureaucracy:

  • Cabinet departments.
  • Independent executive agencies.
  • Independent regulatory agencies.
  • Government corporations.
  • Presidential commissions.

What do you mean by bureaucratic structure?

Bureaucratic structure. includes a hierarchical organization with management authority based on rational-legal authority. Hierarchical. there are clearly ordered levels of management in which lower levels are subordinate, or answerable, to higher levels. Rational-legal authority.

What is the other name of bureaucratic authority?

Bureaucracy; mannerisms characteristic. In this page you can discover 27 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for bureaucracy, like: administration, officialdom, civil-service, the Establishment, the authorities, bumbledom, the system, red-tape, strict procedure, authority and government.

Where was bureaucracy invented?

The term bureaucracy, coined (as bureaucratie) in the mid-18th century by the French philosophe Vincent de Gournay, is derived from the French bureau, meaning “writing desk,” and -cratie, meaning “government.” In the 19th century the Meiji Restoration in Japan (1868–1912), motivated by powerful modernizing ambitions.

What are advantages and disadvantages of bureaucracy?

Advantages & Disadvantages of Bureaucratic Organizational…

  • Advantages of a Bureaucratic Structure.
  • Advantage: Accountability.
  • Advantage: Job Security.
  • Advantage: Equal Chances to Succeed.
  • Disadvantages of a Bureaucratic Structure.
  • Disadvantage: Reduced Productivity and Innovation.
  • Disadvantage: Poor Financial Management.
  • Disadvantage: Decreased Employee Morale.

What are the three major parts of the federal bureaucracy?

The federal bureaucracy performs three primary tasks in government: implementation, administration, and regulation.

What is theory of bureaucracy?

Max Weber, a German scientist, defines bureaucracy as a highly structured, formalized, and also an impersonal organization. He also instituted the belief that an organization must have a defined hierarchical structure and clear rules, regulations, and lines of authority which govern it.

What is federal bureaucracy?

The Federal Bureaucracy is the unelected, administrative body in the Executive Branch. It is the back bone of the US Government. The main function of the Federal Bureaucracy, is to carry out the policy and work on the finer details of the bills passed by Congress.

What are some benefits of the federal bureaucracy?

Advantages of Bureaucracy

  • Division of labor: Makes work easier; leads to specialization.
  • Efficiency: Competency increases; work is efficiently performed under the supervision of immediate managers in the hierarchy.
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