What is theileriosis disease?
East Coast fever, caused by Theileria parva, is an acute disease of cattle. It is usually characterized by high fever, swelling of the lymph nodes, dyspnea, and high mortality. It is a serious problem in east and southern Africa.
Is theileriosis curable?
Ages of affected cattle ranged from 6 days to 3 years. Oxytetracycline cured only 7 animals (30.4%), all of them calves below 15 days old, while buparvaquone cured all but one (98.8%), a severely affected 10 day old calf. Cured cattle remained theileriosis-free for 12 to 18 months following recovery.
How do you control theileriosis?
Tropical bovine theileriosis caused by Theileria annulata and transmitted by ticks of the genus Hyalomma may be controlled by one or more of the following methods: i) management, with particular emphasis on movement control; ii) vector control by application of acaricides, preventing transmission of disease; iii) …
How do you control Theileriosis?
How do you diagnose Theileriosis?
The diagnosis of theileriosis is usually carried out by blood smear staining technique, which is not sufficiently sensitive to detect the piroplasms in the carrier animals. In this study, a total of 116 samples were collected from infected as well as apparently healthy cattle and buffaloes.
What is Buparvaquone used for?
It is a promising compound for the therapy and prophylaxis of all forms of theileriosis. Buparvaquone has been shown to have anti-leishmanial activity in vitro. It can be used to treat bovine East Coast fever protozoa in vitro, along with the only other substance known – Peganum harmala.
How can we prevent Theileriosis in cattle?
Ensure all stock being transported to new areas are healthy and free from ticks. Observe cattle regularly during the risk period. Apply tick control products during the risk period. Franklin vets recommends Flumethrin and Python for cows.
What causes January disease in cattle?
Theileriosis is a disease caused by a species of theileria; a blood-borne parasite that only affects cattle and is primarily transmitted by ticks that feed on cattle. A single infected tick can spread the disease to another animal through its saliva when it feeds on it.