What is rheumatic disease of mitral valve?

Mitral valve disease may also develop later in life (acquired). For example, mitral valve stenosis is often caused by rheumatic fever. This fever is a complication of a strep infection that can affect the heart. When this happens, it’s called rheumatic mitral valve disease.

Is Mitral Valve Prolapse a rheumatic heart disease?

Rheumatic fever can damage the mitral valve, leading to mitral valve regurgitation early or later in life. If rheumatic fever causes mitral valve disease, the condition is called rheumatic mitral valve disease. Rheumatic fever is rare in the United States.

Does rheumatic heart disease cause mitral regurgitation or stenosis?

Rheumatic heart disease chronically manifests as congestive heart failure from valvular involvement. Most commonly the mitral valve is affected, resulting in mitral stenosis or mitral regurgitation. Less commonly, the aortic valve can be involved; tricuspid valve involvement is rare, but reported.

Which valve is most commonly involved in rheumatic heart disease?

Although rheumatic fever can affect any heart valve, it most commonly affects the mitral valve which lies between the two chambers of the left side of the heart. The damage can cause valve stenosis, valve regurgitation and/or damage to the heart muscle.

What causes rheumatic heart disease?

Rheumatic heart disease is heart valve damage resulting from rheumatic fever. Bacterial infections called group A streptococcal (GAS) infections can cause rheumatic fever. An infection, such as strep throat or scarlet fever, triggers your body’s immune response.

What is rheumatic disorders of both mitral and tricuspid valves?

The most common causes of tricuspid valve diseases are due to problems with the mitral valve. Endocarditis, rheumatic valve disease and carcinoid syndrome can also cause the tricuspid valve to leak.

What is the ICD 10 code for mitral valve prolapse?

Nonrheumatic mitral (valve) prolapse I34. 1 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for reimbursement purposes. The 2022 edition of ICD-10-CM I34. 1 became effective on October 1, 2021.

Can rheumatic fever cause mitral stenosis?

The main cause of mitral valve stenosis is an infection called rheumatic fever, which is related to strep infections. Rheumatic fever — now rare in the United States, but still common in developing countries — can scar the mitral valve.

What happens to mitral valve in rheumatic heart disease?

Rheumatic fever. A complication of strep throat, rheumatic fever can damage the mitral valve. Rheumatic fever is the most common cause of mitral valve stenosis. It can damage the mitral valve by causing the flaps to thicken or fuse. Signs and symptoms of mitral valve stenosis might not show up for years.

Why is mitral valve affected in rheumatic fever?

In some people, repeated strep infections cause the immune system to react against the tissues of the body including inflaming and scarring the heart valves. This is what is referred to as rheumatic fever. Rheumatic heart disease results then from the inflammation and scarring of heart valves caused by rheumatic fever.

What happens if you have rheumatic heart disease?

The disease results from damage to heart valves caused by one or several episodes of rheumatic fever, an autoimmune inflammatory reaction to throat infection with group A streptococci (streptococcal pharyngitis or strep throat). It most commonly occurs in childhood, and can lead to death or life-long disability.

What is rheumatic disease?

Rheumatic diseases are autoimmune and inflammatory diseases that cause your immune system to attack your joints, muscles, bones and organs. Rheumatic diseases are often grouped under the term “arthritis” — which is used to describe over 100 diseases and conditions.

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