What was Numa known for?
Numa is said to have reigned from 715 to 673. He is credited with the formulation of the religious calendar and with the founding of Rome’s other early religious institutions, including the Vestal Virgins; the cults of Mars, Jupiter, and Romulus deified (Quirinus); and the office of pontifex maximus.
What Temple did Numa Pompilius build?
The Temple of Vesta was first built by Numa Pompilius – Rome’s second king – who also built the original Regia and Atrium Vestae within the Roman Forum, where the Vestal Virgins lived.
When was Romulus the first king of Rome?
According to legend, the first king of Rome was Romulus, who founded the city in 753 BC upon the Palatine Hill. Seven legendary kings are said to have ruled Rome until 509 BC, when the last king was overthrown.
What was ancient Rome famous for?
A people known for their military, political, and social institutions, the ancient Romans conquered vast amounts of land in Europe and northern Africa, built roads and aqueducts, and spread Latin, their language, far and wide. Use these classroom resources to teach middle schoolers about the empire of ancient Rome.
How did Numa become king?
In 715 BC, after much bickering between the factions of Romulus (the Romans) and Tatius (the Sabines), a compromise was reached, and the Senate elected the Sabine, Numa, who was approximately forty years of age as the next king.
What God did Numa capture?
According to Roman myth, Numa became the second king of Rome after Romulus was snatched up to Heaven to become the god Quirinus, or according to another version, murdered by the senators. He was credited with reforming the ritual calendar of Rome and establishing the priesthoods and the cult of Vesta.
How was Numa Pompilius elected?
The Romans were to choose first, and their choice was the Sabine Numa Pompilius. The Sabines agreed to accept Numa as the king without bothering to elect anyone else, and a deputation from both Romans and Sabines went off to tell Numa of his election.
Who came first in Roman history?
According to Roman legend, Romulus was the founder and first King of Rome, establishing the Roman Kingdom. Numa Pompilius became the second King of Rome. Tullus Hostilius became the third King of Rome. Byzantium was founded by Megarian colonists.
Which king introduced religion to the Romans and why?
According to legends, most of Rome’s religious institutions could be traced to its founders, particularly Numa Pompilius, the Sabine second king of Rome, who negotiated directly with the gods.