What are phenyl hydrazones?

Phenylhydrazine was the first hydrazine derivative characterized, reported by Hermann Emil Fischer in 1875. He prepared it by reduction of a phenyl diazonium salt using sulfite salts. Fischer used phenylhydrazine to characterize sugars via formation of hydrazones known as osazones with the sugar aldehyde.

What are hydrazones used for?

Hydrazones possess wide variety of biological activities such as anticonvulsant, antidepressant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiplatelet, antimicrobial, anticancer, antihypertensive, anthelmintic, antidiabetic, antiparasitic, and other anticipated activities.

What is the formula of hydrazone?

Acetone hydrazone

PubChem CID 78937
Chemical Safety Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary (LCSS) Datasheet
Molecular Formula C3H8N2
Synonyms Acetone hydrazone 5281-20-9 2-Propanone, hydrazone propan-2-ylidenehydrazine isopropylidene-hydrazine More…
Molecular Weight 72.11

Which compound is a hydrazone?

Hydrazones are compounds containing the group >CNN<, and they are typically generated by the elimination of a water molecule between a hydrazine and a carbonyl compound (aldehyde or ketone).

Is phenyl hydrazine a liquid?

Phenylhydrazine appears as pale yellow crystals. Melting point 66°F. Becomes an oily liquid.

What is hydrazine how is it prepared?

hydrazine preparation …is best prepared by the Raschig process, which involves the reaction of an aqueous alkaline ammonia solution with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). 2NH3 + NaOCl → N2H4 + NaCl + H2O This reaction is known to occur in two main steps.

What is meant by hydrazone?

Hydrazones are a class of organic compounds with the structure R. 1R. 2C=NNH. 2. They are related to ketones and aldehydes by the replacement of the oxygen with the NNH.

How is hydrazone formed?

Hydrazine reacts with a carbonyl to form a hydrazone using a mechanism similar to that of an imine formation discussed in the previous section. The weakly acidic N-H bond is deprotonated to form the hydrazone anion.

How does hydrazine affect the body?

Symptoms of acute (short-term) exposure to high levels of hydrazine may include irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, dizziness, headache, nausea, pulmonary edema, seizures, and coma in humans. Acute exposure can also damage the liver, kidneys, and central nervous system in humans.

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