How is arsenic used commercially?

Arsenic and arsenic compounds have been produced and used commercially for centuries. Current and historical uses of arsenic include pharmaceuticals, wood preservatives, agricultural chemicals, and applications in the mining, metallurgical, glass-making, and semiconductor industries.

Are there any legal uses of arsenic?

Arsenic is used as a doping agent in semiconductors (gallium arsenide) for solid-state devices. It is also used in bronzing, pyrotechnics and for hardening shot. Arsenic compounds can be used to make special glass and preserve wood.

What is arsenic used for now?

Arsenic is still used as an ingredient in pesticides, wood preservatives, copper and lead alloys, glass, semiconductor devices, and veterinary medicines. Although arsenic is found in nature in its elemental form (arsenic metal), it occurs most commonly in inorganic or organic compounds.

Is arsenic legal in the US?

In certain foods: There are no federal limits for arsenic in most foods, although the FDA has issued (or proposed) guidance for industry on limits (“action levels”) in certain foods that are more likely to contain arsenic.

Is arsenic considered a heavy metal?

Mercury, lead, chromium, cadmium, and arsenic have been the most common heavy metals that induced human poisonings. Here, we reviewed the mechanistic action of these heavy metals according to the available animal and human studies. Acute or chronic poisonings may occur following exposure through water, air, and food.

Is arsenic is a noble metal?

Arsenic and antimony are usually considered to be metalloids rather than noble metals. However, physically speaking their most stable allotropes are metallic. Semiconductors, such as selenium and tellurium, have been excluded.

What is the cost of arsenic?

In 2019, the average price for arsenic metal originating in China was approximately 87 U.S. cents per pound. Arsenic trioxide from Morocco had an average price of 35 U.S. cents per pound that year.

Is arsenic a heavy metal?

What is the permissible limit of arsenic?

The permissible exposure limit for arsenic is no greater than 10 micrograms of inorganic arsenic per cubic meter of air, averaged over any 8 hour period for a 40 hour workweek [OSHA 2001; NIOSH 2005].

What are 5 heavy metals?

There are 35 metals that are of concern for us because of residential or occupational exposure, out of which 23 are heavy metals: antimony, arsenic, bismuth, cadmium, cerium, chromium, cobalt, copper, gallium, gold, iron, lead, manganese, mercury, nickel, platinum, silver, tellurium, thallium, tin, uranium, vanadium.

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