What does ASCUS mean?
ASCUS ~ Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance This diagnosis means that some of the cells on your Pap smear did not look entirely normal but did not meet diagnostic criteria for a lesion. Your doctor may either repeat your Pap smear, or perform a colposcopy.
What is cytological diagnosis?
What is cytology? Cytology is the exam of a single cell type, as often found in fluid specimens. It’s mainly used to diagnose or screen for cancer. It’s also used to screen for fetal abnormalities, for pap smears, to diagnose infectious organisms, and in other screening and diagnostic areas.
What is the difference between CIN and LSIL?
CIN is graded on a scale of 1 to 3, based on how abnormal the cells look under a microscope and how much of the cervical tissue is affected. LSIL (also called low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, or mild dysplasia) seen on a Pap test is generally CIN 1.
What causes LSIL?
They are usually caused by infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) and are found when a Pap test or biopsy is done. LSILs usually go away on their own without treatment, but sometimes they can become cancer and spread into nearby tissue. LSIL is sometimes called mild dysplasia.
Is cytology the same as biopsy?
A cytology test is different from a biopsy. During a biopsy, tissue from a certain area of the body is removed and analyzed for cancer. A cytology test removes and studies a fewer number of cells. With a cytology test, the cytological morphology of the cells collected are studied under a microscope.
How do I get rid of LSIL?
LSIL (and HPV infections) often clear up on their own without treatment. In these cases, no treatment or recovery is needed. If your immune system is having a hard time fighting off the HPV infection, your doctor may recommend excisional treatment. Excisional and ablative treatments are all outpatient procedures.
Is LSIL always caused by HPV?
LSIL is almost always caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), the primary risk factor for cervical cancer. 2 HPV is easily transmitted through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. The good news is that the majority of people infected with HPV clear the virus spontaneously.
Why it is called cytology?
Cytopathology is generally used on samples of free cells or tissue fragments, in contrast to histopathology, which studies whole tissues. Cytopathology is frequently, less precisely, called “cytology”, which means “the study of cells”.