What does Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis mean?

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP), first described by Schlagenhaufer in 1916, is a rare, serious, chronic inflammatory disorder of the kidney characterized by a destructive mass that invades the renal parenchyma. XGP is most commonly associated with Proteus or Escherichia coli infection.

How is Hydroureteronephrosis treated?

Most people with hydronephrosis will have a procedure called urinary catheterisation to drain the urine from their kidneys. Depending on the underlying cause, medication or surgery may be needed afterwards to correct the problem.

What causes Hydroureteronephrosis?

Hydronephrosis is usually caused by a blockage in the urinary tract or something disrupting the normal workings of the urinary tract. The urinary tract is made up of the kidneys, the bladder, the ureters (the tubes that run from the kidney to the bladder) and the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body).

How is a KUB test done?

A KUB is a painless, non-invasive procedure that can be performed in-office or at an imaging center. At the beginning of this procedure, the patient will be asked to lie on their back on an x-ray table. The x-ray machine will then be positioned over the patient’s abdomen.

How common is Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis?

3.6 Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. XGP was first described by Schlagenhaufer (1916), as a rare, severe chronic infection and inflammatory disorder of the kidney, occurring in about 1% of all renal infections.

How is Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis diagnosed?

The diagnosis of XGP is based on the CT scan finding of the “bear paw” sign and histology showing lipid-laden foamy macrophage. It has the ability to involve the adjacent structures or organs if left untreated. Hence, early diagnosis and treatment can prevent the complications of this disease.

Is Hydroureteronephrosis curable?

Although surgery is sometimes needed, hydronephrosis often resolves on its own. Mild to moderate hydronephrosis. Your doctor may opt for a wait-and-see approach to see if you get better on your own. Even so, your doctor may recommend preventive antibiotic therapy to lower the risk of urinary tract infections.

Can KUB detect kidney stones?

A kidney, ureter, and bladder (KUB) X-ray is a diagnostic test that can detect kidney stones and diagnose urinary tract disorders. A kidney, ureter, and bladder (KUB) X-ray is a diagnostic test that is used for detecting kidney stones and diagnosing multiple disorders of the urinary tract.

Can you eat before a KUB?

Your doctor will explain the procedure to you and offer you the opportunity to ask any questions that you might have about the procedure. Generally, no prior preparation, such as fasting or sedation, is required.

What causes Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis?

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is the inflammatory sequela of a suppurative pyogenic infection in an obstructed kidney, usually caused by staghorn calculi (70% of cases). It is usually unilateral, and Proteus species and E. coli are the most common infective agents.

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