What was the Fronde in France?
The Fronde (French pronunciation: [fʁɔ̃d]) was a series of civil wars in France between 1648 and 1653, occurring in the midst of the Franco-Spanish War, which had begun in 1635.
What was the Fronde of princes?
The Fronde of the Princes, the second phase of the civil war (January 1650 to September 1653), was a complex of intrigues, rivalries, and shifts of allegiance in which constitutional issues gave way to personal ambitions.
Who was apart of the Fronde?
FRONDE. The civil wars that divided France from 1648 to 1653 are known as the Fronde (from the French for ‘sling’ or ‘slingshot’).
What provoked the widespread revolt known as the Fronde?
Cardinal Mazarin. (1602-1661) He continued Richelieu’s centralizing powers, but in 1648 his failing attempts to increase revenues and expand the state bureaucracy resulted in a widespread rebellion known as the Fronde.
What was the Fronde quizlet?
the Fronde was a series of civil wars in France from 1648-52. “Fronde” means “slingshot” – poor kids in the streets threw mud and stones at the carriages of the rich as they passed. The event began in 1643, when the Parlement of Paris met.
Why did the Fronde happen?
The fronde began when Anne of Austria (Louis XIV’s mother) and Cardinal Mazarin (Anne’s advisor) introduced a new proposal to raise money for the financial backing of the Thirty Years’ War. This plan would require the government officials to give up four years’ salary.
Why is Fronde important?
The Fronde was significant because: 1. It badly disrupted French trade and the economy. 2. It traumatized young Louis XIV, who was treated roughly by nobles -they invaded his bedchamber several times – a fact he would never forget.
How did the Fronde end?
The king entered Paris in triumph on Oct. 21, 1652, followed by Mazarin on Feb. 3, 1653. With many of the nobles in exile and with the Parlement forbidden to interfere in royal administration, the Fronde ended in a clear victory for Mazarin.