What are the four fundamental body planes?

The anatomical planes are four imaginary flat surfaces or planes that pass through the body in the anatomical position. They are the median plane, sagittal planes, coronal (frontal) planes and horizontal (transverse) planes (figure 2). Anatomical descriptions are also based on these planes.

What are the 4 planes of movement?

Most exercises are predominately in one plane more than the others. Imagine each plane as a plate of glass that cuts the body into either front/back (sagittal), left/right (frontal), or top/bottom (transverse) halves. Then imagine each of those plates to be a track that the body is moving on, like a monorail.

How do you remember body planes?

An easy trick to remember the frontal plane is to again use the name. The “Frontal” plane will give you a “Front View” of the body as it divides the body into front and back portions. Remember the “Sagittal” plane will give you a “Side View” of the body, and they both start with the letter “S”.

What are the four fundamental body planes referred in radiography and its description?

3-1 Planes of the body. A, A patient in anatomic position with four planes identified. B, Top-down perspective of patient’s body showing sagittal plane through left shoulder, coronal plane through anterior head, and oblique plane through right shoulder.

What are body planes What are the sections of body planes?

Planes: Because who said anatomy didn’t require an imagination?

Frontal (Coronal) plane Divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions
Transverse plane Divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions
Sagittal plane Vertical plane that divides the body into right and left sides.

What is the transverse plane of the body?

Axial Plane (Transverse Plane) – A horizontal plane; divides the body or any of its parts into upper and lower parts. Median plane – Sagittal plane through the midline of the body; divides the body or any of its parts into right and left halves.

What is body planes and sections?

Body planes are hypothetical geometric planes used to divide the body into sections. They are commonly used in both human and zoological anatomy to describe the location or direction of bodily structures.

How many body planes are there?

In human and animal anatomy, three principal planes are used: The sagittal plane or lateral plane (longitudinal, anteroposterior) is a plane parallel to the sagittal suture. It divides the body into left and right.

What is the central ray in radiology?

An imaginary line in the center of the x-ray beam and perpendicular to the long axis of the x-ray tube is called the central ray. The central ray is important in positioning the patient because this point is used to align the x-ray tube to the body part to be imaged.

What is dorsal and ventral?

Anterior or ventral – front (example, the kneecap is located on the anterior side of the leg). Posterior or dorsal – back (example, the shoulder blades are located on the posterior side of the body). Medial – toward the midline of the body (example, the middle toe is located at the medial side of the foot).

Categories: Other