What is the study of second language acquisition?
The study of second language acquisition (SLA) is an increasingly interdisciplinary field that draws on various branches of linguistics as well as cognitive psychology, educational research, sociology, and neurology to describe exactly how second languages are learned by different individuals in different contexts, and …
What are the 5 levels of second language acquisition?
Stages of Second Language Acquisition
- Stage I: Pre-production. This is the silent period.
- Stage II: Early production. This stage may last up to six months and students will develop a receptive and active vocabulary of about 1000 words.
- Stage III: Speech emergence.
- Stage IV: Intermediate fluency.
- Stage V: Advanced Fluency.
Who studies language acquisition?
When thinking about language acquisition, linguists generally take one of two perspectives: Nativisim (The idea that language, and the ability to acquire it, is innate i.e. that it exists from birth) or Empiricism (The idea that language is shaped by the environment and is thus learned).
What is the difference between second language acquisition and second language learning?
Second-language acquisition (SLA), sometimes called second-language learning — otherwise referred to as L2 (language 2) acquisition, is the process by which people learn a second language. Second-language acquisition is also the scientific discipline devoted to studying that process.
What are the principles of second language learning?
To put the principle into practice: Focus on what students communicate rather than on how they communicate; Don’t correct students’ mistakes all the time, especially when correction interrupts communication; Use students’ errors as indicators of their progress in developing second language skills.
What is Chomsky’s theory of second language acquisition?
Chomsky concluded that children must have an inborn faculty for language acquisition. According to this theory, the process is biologically determined – the human species has evolved a brain whose neural circuits contain linguistic information at birth.
What is Krashen theory of second-language acquisition?
‘humans acquire language in only one way – by understanding messages or by receiving “comprehensible input”‘ The Affective Filter Hypothesis. ‘a mental block, caused by affective factors that prevents input from reaching the language acquisition device’ (Krashen, 1985, p.100)
What is late second language acquisition?
Late L2 acquisition builds on the common linguistic space wherein the L1 has been fully developed, resulting in inevitable foreign accent development (e.g., Best & Tyler, Reference Best, Tyler, Bohn and Munro2007; Flege et al., Reference Flege, Munro and MacKay1995).