Where is splenic artery located?

The splenic artery is one of the terminal branches of the celiac trunk, passing left from the celiac axis across the left crus of diaphragm and left psoas muscle. It is a tortuous artery, running superior to the pancreas before turning forward into the splenorenal ligament to the hilum of the spleen.

What is splenic artery connected to?

This artery supplies the spleen, as well as large portions of the pancreas and stomach. It runs anterior to the left kidney and suprarenal gland, and posterior to the stomach, through the peritoneal splenorenal ligament and along the tail of the pancreas….Splenic artery.

Origin Celiac trunk
Supply Pancreas, stomach, spleen

Why is the splenic artery coiled?

The placement of coils in a middle segment of the splenic artery allows reconstitution of the blood supply through collateral vessels, principally via the short gastric and gastroepiploic arteries, to the patent distal splenic, transgastric, and transpancreatic arteries.

What is the collateral arterial supply to the spleen?

The short gastric (SG) arteries and left gastroepiploic (LGE) arteries may be the most important part of the collateral blood supply to the spleen. There are also collaterals from the superior mesenteric (SM), pancreatic, and left inferior phrenic (LIP) arteries.

What is the treatment for splenic artery aneurysm?

The treatment options again are open surgery (mandatory in the setting of rupture), endovascular procedures, and laparoscopic surgery. Open surgical procedures include ligation of the splenic artery or aneurysm and aneurysmectomy with or without splenectomy.

Is splenic artery an end artery?

Arteries which do not anastomose with their neighbors are called end arteries. There is no collateral circulation present besides the end arteries. Examples of an end artery include the splenic artery that supplies the spleen and the renal artery that supplies the kidneys.

How does the splenic artery pass?

The splenic artery passes between the layers of the lienorenal ligament. Along its course, it is accompanied by a similarly named vein, the splenic vein, which drains into the hepatic portal vein.

What is splenic artery embolization?

Splenic (artery) embolization is an endovascular technique for treatment of splenic and splenic artery pathology as an alternative to splenic artery ligation or splenectomy. It often results in successfully treating the underlying pathology, while maintaining at least partial splenic function.

What artery supplies the splenic artery?

the celiac axis
The arterial supply to the spleen consists of the splenic artery (a branch of the celiac axis) and the short gastric arteries (branches of the left gastroepiploic artery), which supply the upper pole of the spleen.

What are the symptoms of splenic artery aneurysm?

Patients with a splenic artery aneurysm before rupture are fairly asymptomatic; vague epigastric pain, left upper quadrant pain, and left shoulder pain are among the most common complaints. Radiologic studies for the diagnosis of splenic artery aneurysm include plain abdominal film, ultrasound, and angiography.

Can you exercise with a splenic artery aneurysm?

If you have a larger aneurysm and are getting closer to repair, it’s still ok to stay active. These activities are usually safe to do, he says, even with a growing aneurysm: Moderate exercise, like walking, cycling or swimming. Lifting light or medium weights.

Categories: Common