What caused the 2003 UK heatwave?
In the summer of 2003 an anticyclone stationed above western Europe prevented precipitation and led to record high temperatures over sustained periods. During the heat wave, which began in June and continued through mid-August, temperatures soared to 20–30 percent above average.
What caused the UK heatwave?
Heatwaves are often caused by slow moving, high pressure systems in the UK. During the summer, the polar front and jet stream are usually found north of the UK, allowing high pressure to build in from the south.
What were the effects of the heatwave in 2003?
adverse social, economic and environmental effects, such as the death of thousands of vulnerable elderly people, the destruction of large areas of forests by fire, and effects on water ecosystems and glaciers. It caused power cuts and transport restrictions and a decreased agricultural production.
Was there a heatwave in 2003?
The 2003 European heat wave led to what was, at the time, the hottest summer on record in Europe since at least 1540. France was hit especially hard….2003 European heat wave.
|Start date||July 2003|
|End date||August 2003|
How many people died from the 2003 heatwave?
At least 35,000 people died as a result of the record heatwave that scorched Europe in August 2003, says an environmental think tank.
How many died in Paris due to the heatwave in the summer of 2003?
When the heat wave that hit France in 2003 led to more than 15,000 deaths due to the record temperature of 111.4 degrees Fahrenheit, authorities knew they needed to be prepared should extreme weather happen again. This past summer, it did: Temperatures reached a national record of 114.8 F.
What are two causes of heat wave?
One of the key ingredients needed for heat waves to form is, of course, high temperatures. Another is a persistent region of high pressure in the upper atmosphere. High-pressure systems are associated with clearing conditions, but also stable, sinking air.
Is UK becoming more tropical?
In the UK, climate predictions suggest that by the end of the 21st century all areas of the UK are projected to be warmer. Hotter and drier summers are likely to become more common.
How many people died in the UK during the 2003 heatwave?
The August 2003 heat wave was associated with a large short-term increase in mortality, particularly in London. Overall in England there were 2,091 (17 per cent) excess deaths.
When was the worst heat wave?
The 1936 North American heat wave was one of the most severe heat waves in the modern history of North America. It took place in the middle of the Great Depression and Dust Bowl of the 1930s and caused catastrophic human suffering and an enormous economic toll.
How long did the summer of 76 last?
The summer of 1976 heatwave lasted for for 15 consecutive days, from 23 June to 7 July in 1976 – with some areas having no rain for months.
How did the 2003 heat wave in France affect crops?
The 2003 heat wave strongly affected yields of wheat and maize throughout France (Fig. 3). The highest regional wheat yield losses (>1.5 t ha-1) clustered in the heat wave impacted east of France. Wheat yields were not particularly affected in the regions bordering the cooler and wetter Atlantic coastal zone.