Who opposed conscription ww1?
A Momentous Debate The 1917 conscription debate was one of the fiercest and most divisive in Canadian political history. French-Canadians, as well as many farmers, unionized workers, non-British immigrants, and other Canadians, generally opposed the measure.
Who opposed conscription in Australia?
Labor Prime Minister Billy Hughes reached the conclusion that conscription would be necessary to raise the required number of reinforcements. However, conscription was strongly opposed by his own party in the senate. Hughes decided to take the issue directly to the people.
Why did people oppose conscription in ww1?
Some young men wanted to join the army for adventure and excitement. Unions tended to be anti-conscription, because they feared their jobs would be taken by foreign labour or women.
Who started the conscription debate?
Hughes led the debate for conscription, and against the wishes of his party initiated not one, but two, referenda on the issue, in 1916 and 1917 respectively. Hughes faced stiff opposition from outside his party as well, with the voices against conscription led by the Catholic Archbishop of Melbourne, Daniel Mannix.
Who opposed US involvement in WWI?
In the United States, some of the many groups that protested against the war were the Woman’s Peace Party (which was organized in 1915 and led by noted reformer Jane Addams), the American Union Against Militarism, the Fellowship of Reconciliation, and the American Friends Service Committee.
What was the conscription debate?
Conscription was also a debate about the obligations of citizenship. Those supporting conscription argued that: military service should not be an individual choice. the supreme duty a citizen owed to their country was to fight for it.
Who supported conscription in Australia ww1?
It was also supported by most of the Commonwealth Liberal Party including the Liberal state premiers, by the major Protestant churches and the Universal Service League, which had many prominent Australians as members. The result was that there were 1,087,557 votes in favour and 1,160,033 in opposition.
What was the argument against conscription?
Anti-conscriptionists also argued in the name of ‘liberty’ – defending the right of ordinary men to decide for themselves whether to fight and die. They argued that conscription was the ultimate form of state tyranny.
What were the conscription arguments?
Those supporting conscription argued that:
- military service should not be an individual choice.
- the supreme duty a citizen owed to their country was to fight for it.
- the burden of the war must be shared equitably.
What was the conscription debate about?
Who supported conscription in Australia?
Why did some Americans oppose American military involvement in ww1?
– The U.S. must actively use its moral and material power to create the new order. Why did most Americans oppose US involvement in WWI in 1914? – We weren’t attacked, why should we get involved? – Loyalties were everywhere because of so many different immigrant groups.